Newsletter Signup
join our mailing list

Ads by Google

How do I create my own personalized nutritional program?

How do I create my own personalized nutritional program?Raw ingredients

Understanding how to create your own personalised nutritional program

Do you need to take vitamins and nutrients?  In what amounts?  Which ones? These are the questions that we will be covering in this article..

The (RDAs) recommended daily allowances and the (RDIs) (reference daily intakes,  merely serve to prevent disease. They are not designed for optimal health. The RDAs and RDIs, fur¬thermore, do not take into account that the amount of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients you need are different for each individual.

Almost 75 percent of your health and life expectancy is based on lifestyle, environment, and nutrition. The number of years you are alive is not nearly as important as the number of years you spend healthy. Do you want to live to be 100 if you go to a nursing home at age 75? Science has shown us that "not only do persons with better health habits survive longer, but in such persons, disability is postponed and compressed into fewer years at the end of life.  For example, a recent article in the New England Journal of Medicine showed that diet was that the majority cause of  type 2 diabetes could be prevented by the adaption of a healthy lifestyle and appropriate supplementation.

Furthermore, researchers in the Journal of the American Medical Association stated that suboptimal vitamin levels are asso¬ciated with many chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and osteoporosis.  It is important for healthcare workers  to identify patients with poor nutrition or other reasons for in¬creased supplementation  needs. It has been suggested that most people do not consume an optimal amount of all vitamins by diet alone ... it appears prudent for all adults to take vitamin supplements.

Medications, vitamin interaction, soil depletion, need for more antioxidants, stress, age, lifestyle, and genetics all play a role in determining which nutrients are right for you.

INGREDIENTS: Safest, most absorbable (bioavailable) & effective forms of vitamins, minerals & herbal extracts. All vitamins, minerals and nutrients come in many forms. For example, there are 8 forms of vitamin E. The 2 heart protective forms are known as gamma-tocopherol and gamma-tocotrienol. SOLAL is the only company to use these two forms of vitamin E. Other companies use the alpha-tocopherol form, which although having anti-oxidant effects, does not protect the heart. Similarly our vitamin C contains both the fat and water soluble forms.  You need both of these to protect the fatty areas of the body (like the brain and cells), as well as the watery areas (like the blood).  Most other products contain only one type of vitamin C (the water soluble form). We use the glycinate form of calcium, which is the most absorbable and effective form, not the poorly absorbed carbonate form. The type of vitamin B12 we use is called methylcobalamin. This is unlike other companies who use the cyanocobalamin form, which breaks down into cyanide in the body. Our omega 3 fats are filtered and mercury-free. They contain the highest amounts of omega 3’s because they are sourced from wild fish, not farmed fish (which have much lower omega 3 content). Our minerals are the chelated forms, the most natural and absorbable forms of minerals known. SOLAL is the only company in South Africa to use the ubiquinol form of co-enzyme Q10. Others use the ubiquinone form which is 8 times less absorbed. These are just examples of the SOLAL difference, but it applies to our entire range of over 200 products.

FILLERS: Fillers are free of lactose, calcium, preservatives, colourants, gluten, wheat, yeast, sugar and salt. All capsules hold approximately 500mg of powder, yet most multi-vitamin and nutritional supplements seldom contain more than 100mg of active components. Therefore the leftover space of approximately 400mg is filled with cheap and often less-healthy fillers like lactose, starch and carbonates. This is because fillers are hundreds of times cheaper than active ingredients. The result is an ineffective product. Most of SOLAL Technologies capsules do not contain fillers because they are filled to the brim with active ingredients.  In the few cases where a filler is needed, only small amounts of natural plant fibre are used. This makes SOLAL capsules more expensive, but effective. In fact, SOLAL is the natural medicines company most prescribed by doctors and most recommended by pharmacists.

FORMULATIONS: Formulated by doctors and pharmacists - scientifically-based, providing effective, synergistic combinations and ratios of components.

STRENGTH (POTENCY): Contains optimal, therapeutic and scientifically-proven doses.

EXTRACTS: Standardised extracts are used, which are many times the concentration of herbal powders. Most products use dried plant or food powders as their active ingredients. SOLAL uses only plant and food extracts. Extracts contain the same goodness as plant and food powders, except that, in the case of extracts, all the woody parts are removed and therefore extracts are 10-50 times more concentrated. This means that one capsule of extract supplies the same amount as 10-50 capsules of dried plant or food powder. Clinical studies that show effectiveness always use extracts, never dried plant or food powders. If you are using cheap products that contain powders, not extracts, it is no wonder your supplement is not working.

GMP: Manufactured under GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice) conditions, ensuring pure, clean and uncontaminated products of the highest quality. If it doesn’t say GMP, you cannot be sure what you are getting – no pre- and postmanufacturing checks on the products.

CAPSULES: Over ninety five precent (95%) of our products are made from vegetable origin, not animal gelatin - and exludes products that are not suitable for vegetarians in the first place e.g. Fish Oil Extract Omega 3.

The following are some examples of how medica¬tions may deplete your body of specific vitamins and minerals. Vitamins can also increase or decrease the absorption of your medications.

•    Long-term use of antacids (prescription or over-the-counter) can lead to decreased folic acid absorption.
•    Regular use of aspirin decreases folate levels.
•    Birth control pills and estrogen replacement deplete your body of B vitamins.
•    Too much vitamin B6 can decrease the effectiveness of levadopa.
•    Disopyramide (Norpace) and quinidine sulfate can cause magnesium deficiency.
•    Colchicine reduces the absorption of beta-carotene and also possibly magnesium, potassium, and vitamin B 12.
•    Methotrexate decreases beta carotene, folic acid, and vita¬min B12.
•    Estrogen replacement increases calcium absorption.
•    Seizure medications (anticonvulsants) can deplete your body of carnitine.
•     Histamine-2 blockers such as cimetidine decrease vitamin D activity.
•    HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors used to lower cholesterol (statin drugs) stop your body from making coenzyme Q-10.
•    Medications to lower blood sugar such as glyburide (Diabeta), acetohexamide (Dymelor), and tolazamide (Tolinase) all can lead to coenzyme Q-10 deficiency.
•    Digoxin can increase the rate of calcium excretion from your body.
•    Fiber can decrease the absorption of digoxin.
•    Diuretics (water pills) increase the loss of magnesium, po¬tassium, sodium, and zinc.
•    Calcium can decrease the absorption of beta blockers.
•    Potassium-sparing diuretics deplete your body of folic acid, calcium, and zinc.

If you are on any of the above medications it is important that your doctor make sure that you replace the nutrients de¬pleted or make sure that your vitamins and your medications do not interact.

Foods you eat can affect the medication you are taking. For example, be aware that grapefruit may in¬crease the risk of side effects of the following medications:

•    Calcium-channel blockers (e.g., nifedipine, amlodipine, verapamil, felodipine) if taken with grapefruit can decrease blood pressure, cause flushing, headache, and increased heart rate.
•    Grapefruit increases the levels of quinidine.
•    Grapefruit can cause irregular heart rhythms if you are tak¬ing terfenadine (anti-histamine).
•    If you are taking a sedative (benzodiazepines, e.g., alprazolam, diazepam, midazolam, triazolam) grapefruit can increase lev¬els of the medication.
•    Grapefruit increases estrogen levels for both men and women.
•    If you are taking chemo-therapeutic agent cyclosporine, grapefruit increases the levels and can cause kidney and liver toxicity.
•    Grapefruit increases the level of caffeine in your body and can cause nervousness and insomnia, ,
•    If you are taking a macrolide antibiotic, such as clarithro¬mycin, grapefruit will decrease its absorption.
•    If you are taking statin drugs (I 1MG-CoA reductase inhibi¬tors), grapefruit may increase the medication level.
•    " Grapefruit increases the levels of warfarin.
•    Grapefruit delays the absorption of Viagra.
•    Grapefruit and naprosyn taken together may cause hives.
•    If you are taking carbamazepine (Tegretol), grapefruit can increase levels which may lead to nausea, tremors, drowsi¬ness, dizziness, or agitation.
•    If you are taking amiodarone, grapefruit may elevate blood levels and you may have nausea, drowsiness, tremors, or agi¬tation.

Vitamins and minerals, and other nutrients can also interact with each other. They do not exist in a vacuum. Nutrients have relationships and interrelationships with other nutrients. The following are examples of how vitamins and minerals interact:

•    You have to have enough vitamin C in your body for selenium to be used effectively .
•    Vitamin C can enhance the availability of vitamin A.
•    Zinc in excess can decrease calcium absorption.
•    Vitamin D increases the absorption of calcium and magne¬sium.
•    Vitamin D helps your body use zinc effectively.
•    Too  much copper can decrease the uptake of manganese in Your system.
•    Vitamin A deficiency can decrease iron utilizition,
•    Too much  iron can lower your manganese and capper levels,
•    Too much riboflavin (vitamin B2) can cause magnesium de¬ficiency.
•    Vitamin B6 can cause a decrease in copper absorption.
•    Vitamin A absorption may be lower if vitamin E levels are not adequate.
•    Vitamin B6 deficiency can lead to a decrease use of sele¬nium.
•    Adequate phosphorus intake is needed to maintain vitamin D.

In today's world you cannot get all the nutrients you need from food due to the following reasons:

•    The soil is deplete of many minerals such as zinc and mag¬nesium. Selenium may be deplete or in over abundance in the ground depending on where you live. If the soil the fruits and vegetables are grown in is not rich in nutrients, then the food you eat will not contain an adequate supply of miner¬als.
•    Fruits and vegetables begin to lose their nutritional value immediately after picking. Cold storage causes destruction of nutrients. Stored grapes lose up to 30% of their B vita¬mins. Tangerines stored for 8 weeks can lose almost half of their vitamin C. Asparagus stored for one week, loses up to 90 percent of its vitamin  C.
•    The nutrients in your food may not be in a form that is bioavailable. In other words, it will not be easily absorbed into your body. Orange juice is an example where 40 per¬cent of the vitamin C in orange juice is biologically inactive.
•    Processing (blanching, sterilizing, canning, and freezing) all decrease the nutritional value of the food you eat.
•    The longer you cook the fruits and vegetables the less nutrients remain. Therefore, eat them raw or steamed lightly.
•    The milling of grains removes 26 essential nutrients and much of the fiber.
Nutritional requirements are also affected by the produc¬tion of free radicals. Your body creates free radicals in many of the reactions that occur to produce energy and other substances. Free radicals are molecules that lack an electron. They will even¬tually rob your cells of electrons, thus damaging them. This damage contributes to oxidative stress which accelerates aging and leads to disease. In today's world, free radicals occur in the environment as well.

Causes of free radical production outside the body:

Television screens

Fluorescent lights

Toxic  exposure to chemicals in your food, water and air

Cell phones (electromagnetic fields)

Computer screens

Airplane trips


Excessive sunlight

Hair dryers

When you have exposure to free radicals in the environ¬ment, your body cannot handle this extra load of oxidation. Oxidation in your body is like rust on your car. If you have extra free radicals bombarding your body all day long, your system will "rust" on the inside. Cataract formation is an example of this. In order to stop the oxidative process, you can take antioxi¬dants which donate an electron to the free radical. This stops the destructive course.

The following are a list of some of the antioxidants that you can take:

•    Vitamin A
•    Alpha lipoic acid
•    Vitamin C
•    Melatonin
•    Vitamin E
•    Garlic
•    Selenium
•    Glutathione/NAC
•    Coenzyme Q-10

It is paramount that antioxidants be balanced. In certain conditions too much of one antioxidant may stop the protective affects of other antioxidants.

Stress depletes your body of vitamins and minerals. In other words another reaction that occurs when ones cortisol levels rise. As with age, Cortisol rises and you need more nutrients. For example, as you grow older your body makes less vitamin D, alpha lipoic acid, and less coenzyme Q-10.

Lifestyle is yet another factor that determines whether you need to take vitamins or not. If you drink alcohol it depletes your body of biotin, copper, vitamins B 1, B6, B 12, C and zinc. How we now eat is also a problem since our diets are not as nutritious as they were in the past. Lets look at a specific example.

The top 3 American vegetables eaten by children and teens are:

•    French fries (account for 25 percent of all vegetables con¬sumed)
•    Iceburg lettuce (99 percent water with no nutritional value)
•    Ketchup (which is one-half sugar)

Adults do not fare any better: The Second National Health and Nutrition Examination (NHANES II) survey revealed:

•    Less  than 10 percent of Americans consume 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day
•    40 percent had no daily fruit or fruit juice
•    50 percent had no garden vegetable in a day
•    70 percent had no fruit or vegetable rich in vitamin C in a day
•    80 percent had no daily fruit or vegetable rich in carotenoids

Diet and nutritional states play a major role in influencing how your genes express themselves. Nutrients affect each step of the pathway of gene expression. As Dr Leo Galland points out ‘t depends as much upon the milieu in whichl a gene func¬tions ias it does upon the DNA of the genome.’ In other words, even if you have inherited a gene for a particular disease such as Alzheimer's disease, whether you go on to have the disease is very much dependent on your environment, the food you eat, the toxins you are around, your stress level, and the nutrients you take in. Dr. Roger Williams discusses this situ¬ation in his book Biochemical Individuality: The Basis for the Genotropic Concept. He states, "Nutrition applied with due con¬cern for individual genetic variations, which may be large, offers the solution to many baffling health problems." Your body is a lot like a car. If you put in good fuel (food and nutrients)   it will run well, need little repair, and last a long time. If  you put low octane fuel in your premium car (your body) your body will not run well, it will develop disease, and you will not live as long.

Many physicians say there is a lack of "peer review studies" or "scientific evidence" to show that vitamin and nutritional therapies work. To clear up this question, in 1998 alone, more than 5,000 studies were published on vitamins, more than 3,000 studies were published on antioxidants. In fact  more research has been published on nutrients than on medications.

In this article ,  the therapeutic techniques described are sup¬ported by hundreds of references from the literature from the most respected, peer-reviewed scientific and medical publica¬tions.These references only scratch the surface of the voluminous amount of literature that is available.To quote  David Perlmutter, M.D. author of Brain and a respected neurologist: "It has been said that knowledge is power, but clearly in this context, knowledge is health."

The following sections  will look at vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, amino acids, and other nutrients that are used to help maintain your health and to also aid in decreasing disease. The final section looks at suggested, selected, therapies that health care practitioners have used to prevent disease, to maintain optimal health, and to help treat certain disease processes.

From the above , one  can now see that the needed number of nutrients vary from individual to individual.  The amount of certain vitamins and minerals you may require, to promote proper functioning of your system, may be higher or less than another individual's.


Vitamins are substances that occur naturally in plants and animals. Vitamins are divided into two categories: water and fat soluble.

Fat soluble vitamins include vitamins A, D, E, K. They are stored in the fat cells of your body.

Water soluble vitamins are B and C. They are eliminated from your body the same day they are taken in.

The kind of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients you take does make a difference. The grade, form, purity, bioavailability, and third party verification, make the difference as to whether the nutrient will work for you or not.

Vitamin supplements are divided into four  quality categories:

•    Pharmaceutical grade. This grade meets the highest regula¬tory requirements for purity, dissolution, and absorption. 'There is  outside verification as to the quality.

•     Medical grade.  This grade is a high-grade product. Prenatal vitamins usually fit into this category.

•    Cosmetic, nutritional grade. Supplements of this grade may be sold in some health food stores. These often are not tested for purity, dissolution, or absorption and may not have a high concentration of the active ingredient they are labeled as.

•    Feed or agricultural grade. Supplements of this grade are used for veterinary purposes. Do not take supplements of this grade.

The chemical forms of minerals are not the elemental forms. For example a 1,200 mg tablet of calcium gluconate is only nine percent (9%)  elemental. This means that it only contains 108 mg of calcium. You would therefore need to take 11 capsules or tab¬lets a day to get the recommended amount.

In addition, natural or synthetic forms also makes a differ¬ence with vitamins such as vitamin E. Natural vitamin E is better absorbed and more active than synthetic.

Your herbal supplements should have an adulteration screen done to see if there are any toxic metals present such as arsenic, lead, mercury, or cadmium. They should also be screened for con¬taminants such as other pharmaceuticals and be analyzed for pesticides, fungicides, insecticides, and other toxic ingredients .

Many forms of nutrients are hardly bioavailable and they pass through your gut without being absorbed. For example, magnesium oxide is only one-tenth as bioavailable as magnesium aspartate. However, manufactures will frequently use the oxide form because the aspartate form is more expensive and takes up a lot of room in the capsule.

Every year over 75 percent of your body is replaced and reconstructed from the nutrients you eat and take, even the DNA of your genes. The quality of these vitamins and nutrients deter¬mines the quality of your cells, how well they function, and prevent disease. The dosages discussed in all the following sections are for adults and are daily amounts. All dosages are in milligrams (mg) unless otherwise stated. If milligrams are not used the units of dosage are spelled out to avoid confusion . 1,000 micrograms equal one mg and 1,000 mg equal one gram.


Vitamin A is a fat soluble vitamin. It is divided into two groups: aldehydes and carotenoids.

•    Aldehydes: retinal, retinoic acid

•    Carotenoids: beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, gama-carotene Beta-carotene is converted into vitamin A inside your gut.

Functions of vitamin A in your body:

Needed for the growth and support of the skin, Required for vision, Responsible for healthy mucous membranes, Needed to detoxify PCBs and dioxin, Immune function (improves white blood cells, natural killer cells, macrophages and T and B lymphocytes), Bone development and Reduces your risk for cancer (esophageal, bladder, stomach, skin, leukemia, lymphoma)

Symptoms of vitamin A deficiency:

Night blindness, rough, scaly skin, Fatigue, Increased susceptibility to infections, Poor wound healing, Dry eyes, Decreased steroid synthesis, Increased vaginal yeast infections, Hypothyroidism (low thyroid), Poor tooth and bone function.

Causes of low vitamin A:

Decreased intake of vitamin containing foods, Antibiotics, Laxatives, Cholesterol-lowering medications, Diabetes

Increases levels of vitamin A in your body?

Birth control pills

Food sources of vitamin A from most to least: liver (lamb), liver (beef), liver (calf), peppers (red chili), dandelion greens, liver (chicken), carrots, apricots (dried), col¬lard greens, kale, sweet potatoes, parsley, spinach, turnip greens, mustard greens, Swiss chard, beet greens, chives, butternut squash, watercress, mangos, peppers (sweet, red), hubbard squash, cantaloupe, butter, endive, apricots, broccoli spears, white¬fish, green onions, romaine lettuce, papayas, nectarines, prunes, pumpkin, swordfish, cream (whipping), peaches, acorn squash, eggs, chicken, cherries (sour red), butter lettuce, asparagus, tomatoes, peppers (green chili), kidneys, green peas, elderber¬ries, watermelon, rutabagas, Brussels sprouts, okra, yellow cornmeal, and yellow squash.

Symptoms of vitamin A toxicity:

  • Weight Loss
  • Bone Pain
  • Appetite loss
  • Headache
  • Dry Skin
  • Irritability
  • Hair Loss
  • Joint pain
  • Fatigue

Side effects: Excess vitamin A intake can cause liver damage and  even death. If you are taking a high dose your doctor should measure your calcium and liver enzymes on a regular basis.  If you have liver disease, are a smoker, exposed to asbestos, or are pregnant you should not use high doses of vitamin A. Also, a recent study suggests that even 5,000 IU of vitamin A per day for more than 20 years from dietary sources can increase hip fractures in women.

The Carotenoids

There are over 700 carotenoids on the earth, only 60 are found in food. The typical diet only includes six of them: alpha carotene, beta carotene, cryptoxanthin, lutein, ly¬copene, and zeaxanthin. Alpha carotene, beta carotene, and cryptoxanthin are converted into vitamin A by your body.


Functions in your body:

•    Decreases LDL (bad) cholesterol

•    Helps prevent prostate cancer

•    Lowers Blood Pressure

Foods that contain lycopene:

  • Tomatoes
  • Dark green leafy vegetables
  • Watermelon
  • Pink grapefruit
  • Guavas

Lycopene is best absorbed when cooked with fat such as the oil and cheese in pizza. Fresh tomatoes are therefore not a good source of lycopene. Lycopene is also present in guava, pink grapefruit f and watermelon.


Functions  of lutein and zeaxanthin in your body
Helps  prevent cataracts and macular degeneration

Foods that contain lutein and zeaxanthin:

  • Kale
  • Collard greens
  • Spinach
  • Green leafy vegetables


Cryptoxanthin is a carotenoid found in papayas, peaches, and oranges which may protect women against cervical cancer.

Side effects: Carotenoids have to be taken carefully. Pharmaco¬logic doses of a single carotenoid may result in inhibiting the other carotenoids at the cellular level.


Vitamin D is a fat soluble vitamin. It is not really a vitamin but is actually a hormone. It is present in sunlight and your body absorbs vitamin D from the sun into your skin. The active form of vitamin D is called
1,25  dihydroxycholecalciferol. You can also get vitamin D in smaller doses from food.
Vitamin D3 comes from red meat and fish.
Vitamin D2 comes from plants.
Boron may be needed to convert vitamin D to its active form. Your body has vitamin D receptors in your bones, pancreas, intestine, kidneys, brain, spinal cord, male and female reproductive or¬gans, thymus, adrenal glands, pituitary, and thyroid gland.

Functions of vitamin D in your body:

Aids in the absorption of calcium from the intestinal tract

Helps  the body assimilate phosphorus

Stimulates bone cell mineralization

Helps the pancreas release insulin

Things that decrease vitamin D in your body

Aging (your body makes less vitamin D from the sun)

Medications (e.g., phenytoin)

Decreased fat absorption (short bowel syndrome,  or medication that decreases fat absorption)

Use of sunscreen (prevents vitamin D absorption)

Prednisone interferes with the conversion of vitamin D to its active form

Food sources of vitamin D from most to least
: sardines (canned), salmon, tuna, shrimp, butter, sunflower seeds, liver, eggs, milk (fortified), mushrooms, and natural cheese.

Side effects: Doses of vitamin D greater than 1,200 IU should be avoided since your body stores vitamin D you may become toxic.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is a group of compounds that consist of eight components:

•    4 are tocopherols: alpha, beta, gamma, and delta

•    4 are tocotrienols: alpha, beta, gamma, and delta

Alpha tocopherol is the most biologically active.

Functions  of vitamin E in the body


Can stop cholesterol-like substances from damaging your blood vessels and causing heart disease and stroke

Can increase your immune system

Ovaries need vitamin E to function properly

Inhibits platelet adhesion

Helps protect neurons in your brain from beta amyloid pro¬tein-induced oxidant toxicity (helps prevent Alzheimer's disease)

Protects vitamin A and increases its storage

Can act as an estrogen substitute and relieve hot flashes

Helps relieve atrophic vaginitis

Improves the action of insulin

Things that can decrease vitamin E levels

High levels of vitamin A

High intake of wheat bran

High intake of pectin

High intake of alcohol


Food sources of vitamin E from most to least
: wheat germ, sunflower seeds, sunflower seed oil, safflower oil, almonds, sesame oil, peanut oil, corn oil, wheat germ, pea¬nuts, olive oil, soybean oil, peanuts (roasted), peanut butter, butter, spinach, oatmeal, bran, asparagus, salmon, brown rice, rye (whole), dark rye bread, pecans, wheat germ, rye and wheat crackers, whole wheat bread, carrots, peas, walnuts, bananas, eggs, tomatoes, and lamb.9

Vitamin E is used to treat:

Prevent and treat heart disease

Claudication (pain in legs with exercise)

Fibrocystic breast disease


Hot flashes

Painful menstrual cycles


Restless leg syndrome

Scleroderma/autoimmune diseases


Side effects: Ferrous sulfate (iron) destroys vitamin E and therefore should not be taken with it. Other forms of iron, such as ferrous gluconate or ferrous fumarate leave vitamin E alone.  If you are taking an anticoagulant (blood thinner) then use vitamin E with caution since it is also a blood thinner. Consequently, consult your healthcare practitioner  if taking a blood thinner as to the amount of vitamin E that is right for you. No toxicity is seen up to 3,200 IU.
Vitamin E is recycled by vitamin C, Alpha-Lipoic acid and coenzyme Q-10.
Vitamin E comes in natural and synthetic forms. Natural vitamin E is d-alpha (or  d-beta, d-gamma, or  d-delta) and synthetic vitamin E is noted as dl-alpha (or dl-beta, dl-gamma, or dl-delta). Natural vitamin E is better absorbed by your body and your liver does a better job of me¬tabolizing it.

Functions of tocotrienols alone:

Lower cholesterol

Reverse plaque build-up

Fight inflammation

Reduce risk of cancer


Vitamin K is a fat soluble vitamin that  is made in your intestinal tract by friendly bacteria. It is also found in plants and synthesized by bacteria found in animal foods.

Functions of vitamin K in your body

Helps your blood clot

It is needed for the synthesis of osteocalcin for bone building

Stimulates new bone growth

Decreases the loss of calcium

Deficiency of vitamin K can cause:

Increased breakdown of skin collagen

Decrease in the amount of collagen in your skin which makes it thinner

Associated with an increase risk of coronary artery calcification

Associated with a drop in vitamin C levels

Deficiency of vitamin K is due to:

Decrease in green leafy vegetables

Cholesterol lowering drugs

Antibiotic use (kills potassium making bacteria in the gut)

Synthetic Estrogen use


Liver disease

Unhealthy intestinal tract

Excess intake of vitamins A and E

If you are on an anticoagulant such as Coumadin/warfarin, you should eat less of the following foods that contain vitamin K (from most to least): turnip greens, broccoli, lettuce, cabbage, liver (beef),spinach, watercress, asparagus, cheese, butter, liver (pork), oats, green peas, whole wheat, green beans, pork, eggs, corn oil, peaches, beef , liver (chicken), raisins, tomato, milk, and potato.

B Vitamins

It is important to have an adequate intake of all your B vita¬mins. The entire complex works together to help provide you with optimal health. B vitamins are water soluble and therefore, should be taken at least twice a day since they are quickly elimi¬nated from your body. If you are on estrogen replacement therapy or birth control pills, you should take extra B vitamins since hormonal therapy leads to a deficiency. Also, high dose supple¬mentation of a single B vitamin can cause imbalances of other B vitamins. Therefore you should take B complex vitamins and not one B vitamin by itself.'

The following are your B vitamins:

Thiamine (vitamin B 1)

Riboflavin (vitamin B2)

Niacin (vitamin B3)


Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5)

Pyridoxine (vitamin B6)

Para- aminobenzoic acid



Methylcobalarnin (vitamin B12)

Folic acid

B vitamins perform the following functions in your body :

Glucose metabolism

Inactivation of estrogen by the liver

Stabilization of brain chemistry

Used in thyroid function

Helps relieve leg cramps

Symptoms of low B vitamins::



Sugar cravings

A change in appetite

Impaired metabolism of medications

Reduced immune system

Poor scores in personality testing


N.B. Vitamin C cannot be made by humans, it must be taken in.

Functions of vitamin C in your body:

It is an antioxidant

Prevents formation of nitrosamines

Benefits immune system by increasing: white blood cells,
in­terferon (proteins that fight viruses, production of lymphocytes)

Prevents incidence of lung disease

Decreases rate of stomach cancer

Increases fertility

Decreases rate of gum disease

Lowers the incidence of cataracts

Reduces bruising

Aids in wound healing

Helps regenerate vitamin E, glutathione, uric acid

Involved in catecholamine synthesis

Prevents free radical damage of LDL (bad) cholesterol

Aids in the synthesis of collagen

Helps carnitine synthesis

Decreases risk of heart disease

Helps in the metabolism of tyrosine

Needed for progesterone production

Reserves the energy producing capacity of the mitochondria

Needed to maintain good levels of glutathione

Reduces damage due to glycation

Lowers sorbitol levels to prevent cataracts

Involved in serotonin production

Lowers blood pressure

Decreases leukotrienes

Is a diuretic

Increases nitric oxide

Decreases adrenal steroid production

Lowers triglycerides

Increases HDL (good cholesterol)

Symptoms of vitamin C loss


Bleeding gums

Impaired wound healing

Reduce risk of cancer

Loose teeth

Easy bruising

Frequent infections

Cardiovascular disease

Things that cause you to have a lower vitamin C levels




Diabetes mellitus

Birth control pills

High blood pressure

High fever

Sulphur drugs

Pain killers




The following are food sources of vitamin C from most to least: peppers (red chili), guavas, peppers (red sweet), kale leaves, parsley, collard leaves, turnip greens, peppers (green sweet), broc¬coli, Brussels sprouts, mustard greens, watercress, cauliflower, persimmons, cabbage (red), strawberries, papayas, spinach, or¬anges and juice, cabbage, lemon juice, grapefruit and juice, elderberries, liver (calf), turnips, mangos, asparagus, cantaloupes, Swiss chard, green onions, liver (beef), okra, tangerines, New Zealand spinach, oysters, lima beans (young), black-eyed peas, soybeans, green peas, radishes, raspberries, Chinese cabbage, yel¬low summer squash, loganberries, honeydew melon, and tomatoes.

The vitamin C content of foods is easily destroyed by light, heat, and chemicals. Fresh cut lettuce loses half of its vitamin C in 48 hours unless stored in a dark refrigerator.

Side effects: If you have hemochromatosis you may experience an increased amount of iron uptake if you intake vitamin C. If you have glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G¬6PD) you should not have vitamin C given to you intravenously.

If you are diabetic you need to take vitamin C. Vitamin C and glucose are used in the same pathway by your cells. Consequently, vitamin C will be competing with glucose to enter your cells and glucose will win. This leaves your cells deficient in vitamin C.

This section discusses the roles of different minerals by out¬lining each mineral's function, food sources, therapeutic uses, and side effects. Minerals are not produced by plants or animals.

Your body's biological function requires 18 different miner¬als. They serve many different functions. Minerals are divided into major and minor groups. Major minerals are present in your body in amounts greater than 5 grams. Minor minerals occur in amounts less than 5 grams.

Major Minerals







Minor Minerals


















Your body requires fats to make your body work and prevent disease. The major shift in food consumption to a low fat diet deprives your body of essential fatty acids. Instead of elimi¬nating fat from your diet you need to add "good" fats to your eating and nutrient supplementation program.

Fats occur in the following groups:

Supersaturated/Omega-3-fatty acids

Alpha-linolenic acid occurs in flax, hemp seed, canola, soy bean, walnut, and dark green leaves

Stearidonic acid occurs in black currant seeds Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) occurs in fish, nuts, and lamb

Polyunsaturated/Omega-6-fatty acids

Linoleic acid occurs in safflower, sunflower, hemp, soybean,walnut, pumpkin, sesame, and flax oil

Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) occurs in borage oil, black current seed, and evening primrose oil

Dihumogamma-linolenic acid (DGLA) occurs in mother's milk

Arachidonic acid occurs in meats and animal products

Monounsaturated/Omega-9-fatty acids

Oleic acid occurs in olive, almond, avocado, peanut, pecan, cashew, filbert, macadamia oils, butter, and animal fat

Monounsaturated/Omega-7-fatty acid Palmitoleic acid occurs in coconut and palm oil
Saturated fatty acids

Stearic acid occurs in beef, mutton, pork, butter, and cocoa butter

Palmitic acid occurs in coconut, palm, and palm kernel Butyric acid occurs in butter

Arachidic acid occurs in peanuts

The omega-6-fatty acids produce inflammation and the omega-3-fatty acids decrease inflammation.

Functions of fatty acids in your body:

Provide structural support for the outer walls or membranes of the body's cells

Help convert the nutrients from foods into usable forms of energy

Involved in cell to cell communication

Make it possible for nutrients to pass from the blood through the cell walls

Helps with substance in the cells to pass into the blood

Used to manufacture red blood cells

Decreases inflammation

Dilates or constricts blood vessels in the stomach, intestines, uterus, and bronchial tree

Lowers triglycerides

Makes blood less sticky

Raises HDL, (good) cholesterol

Decreases arrhythmias (irregular heart rhythm)

Decreased blood pressure

May decrease homocysteine levels

Enhances insulin action

Helps protect against oxidation and ischemic heart disease

Needed for normal development and function of your brain, eyes, inner ear, adrenal glands, and reproductive tract

Needed to make prostaglandins I and III which decrease in­flammation, increase immune function, and decrease menstrual cramps

Reduces PMS symptoms

Important for mitochondrial function (energy producing parts of your cells)

The following are clinical manifestations of essential fatty acid deficiency:

Age-related memory de­clines



Brittle nails, graying with horizontal splitting

Bumps on back of arms

Cracking skin at finger tips

Decreased memory and mental abilities


Dry hair, dandruff

Dry, scaly skin/dermatitis

Fatty infiltration of the liver

Hair Loss

Heart disease

Impaired immune response

Increased cholesterol


Mood swings

Psychological disturbances

Reduced vision

Slow wound healing

Sterility in men

Thirst, excess urination

Tingling or numbness of your arms or legs (neuropa­thy)

There are two essential fats that your body cannot make by itself and you have to ingest them.They are linoleic acid (omega¬ 6 fatty acid) and linolenic acid (omega-3 fatty acid). Neither of these groups of fatty acids can be made by your body and therefore must be eaten or taken as a supplement.

Your body requires omega-6-fatty acids to maintain your health. However if you intake too many of them you cause in¬flammation by producing prostaglandins that go down an inflammatory pathway instead of an anti-inflammatory path¬way. Our standard diet is very low in omega-3-fatty acids and very high in omega-6-fatty acids. It is best to intake three to six parts of omega-6 fatty acids to one part omega-3¬fatty acids instead of what most of us eat which is between 10:1 to 25:1.

Your body requires zinc, magnesium, niacin, vitamin C, vita¬min A, biotin, B vitamins, and other nutrients to convert fatty acids.

What causes a deficiency of fatty acids in your body?

Decrease intake of the right kind of fatty acids


Inability to absorb fatty acids


Type I diabetes

Decrease intake of nutrients needed as cofactors

Carnitine deficiency

Increase in trans fatty acid intake (interferes with fatty acid synthesis)

Increase in sugar intake (interferes with the enzymes of fatty acid synthesis)

Diseases treated by fatty acids?



Alzheimer's disease

Anorexia nervosa

Arthritis (rheumatoid and osteo)



Autoimmune disorders

Benign familial tremor

Bipolar illness

Brain tumor (glioma)

Cerebral palsy

Chronic fatigue syndrome


Crohn's disease


Developmental delay

Diabetes (prevent and treat)

Down's syndrome

Drug abuse


Enlarged prostate

Eye disease (retinal)

Head injury

Heart disease (prevent and treat)

Helps to prevent cancer of the breast, colon, lung, skin, and prostate

High blood pressure

High cholesterol

High triglycerides

Increases memory and decreases cognitive decline

Irregular heart rhythms

Irritable bowel

Menopause (hot flashes)

Menstrual cramps

Migraine headaches

Multiple Sclerosis


Numbness and tingling

Parkinson's disease



Postpartum depression

Prevent memory decline



Stroke (prevention, recovery)

Ulcerative colitis

Weight loss

Fatty acid intake can change the amount of medication that you may need eg. You may require less Prozac or insulin. If you are taking blood thinners then consult your doctor concerning the amount of fatty acids you should intake.
Fatty acids can become rancid and therefore should be re¬frigerated. Take vitamin E when using omega-3 -fatty acids to prevent oxidation. Some people experience burping up of fatty acids. This can be avoided by putting them in the freezer prior to use. This does not destroy their effectiveness.Trans fatty acids do not occur naturally in nature. They were developed by the food industry to help food stay fresh longer. They have been shown to increase LDL (bad cholesterol), decrease HDL (good cholesterol), increase triglycerides, increase lipoprotein (a), and make platelets sticker which increases blood clots. Furthermore, trans fatty acids cause your cell membranes to leak, disrupting cellular metabolism and allowing toxins to enter your cells . All processed oils contain trans fatty acids. Consequently do not use processed oils. The more solid the oil, the more trans fatty acids included in it. Liquid vegetable oils contain up to 6 percent trans fats and margarines and shortening up to 58 percent trans fatty acids. In Europe there are mandates against trans fatty acids. Anything that says hydroge¬nated or partially hydrogenated contains trans fatty acids. Trans fatty acids will increase your risk of heart disease. Furthermore, trans fatty acids interfere with your body's ability to make its own

Trans fatty acids occur in.

Boxed foods




Frozen diners

Processed meats

French fries

Potato chips

Corn chips/tortilla chips






Proteins are made up of amino acids. They function as the building blocks of muscle and comprise all of the body's en¬zymes and many of its peptides. Proteins are also one of the sources of energy in your body and promote repair of damaged tissue.

When you eat protein , your body breaks it down into amino acids and peptides. It is the amino acids that are the nutritional part of the protein that provides function. There are 40,000 different proteins found in your body and they are all made from  20 amino acids. Some are essential amino acids. These are the ones that your system cannot manufacture on their own. Other amino acids are non-essential. These can be made in sufficient  quantities by your own body. A third kind of amino acids is called conditionally essential amino acids. Under normal conditions in your body you are able to make them. However, when you have a fever, illness, are dieting, or are getting chemotherapy, you cannot make some of these  amino acids. Furthermore, your body may be using up all of its essential amino acids in detoxifying or repairing and then you will still need to ingest them even though your body is able to make them. Many phase II detoxi¬fication reactions use amino acids.


Conditionally Essential










Aspartic acid



Glutamic acid












Your body also makes other amino acids that are not usually included in the above grouping such as GAGA (gamma aminobutyric acid, acetyl-L-carnitine, glutathione, and homocys¬teine) which will be further discussed

If you have kidney or liver disease you should consult a physician or healthcare practitioner before taking any amino acid supplement.

Symptoms of amino acid deficiencies:


Aggressive behavior




Blood sugar disorders

Carbohydrate and sugar cravings

Chronic fatigue



Food/chemical allergies

Frequent colds


Immune dysfunction


Mental/emotional problems

Mood swings

Neurological disorders

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)

Panic attacks


Recurrent ear infections

If you are taking amino acids you need to also be taking vitamin B6 to help your body metabolize them.

Other Nutrients
Ashwaganda Root (Withania somniferum) An adaptogen also known as Indian ginseng. It has anti-oxidant properties and retards various aspects of the aging process, increases energy levels, reduces fatigue, facilitates muscle growth, and helps alleviate the pain and disability of osteoarthritis. Relieves anxiety and reduces depression. Improves learning, memory and counteracts stress. Improves male infertility, male impotence and increases sexual desire in men and women. Helps thyroid function.

BenfotiamineBenfotiamine is a superior fat soluble form of vitamin B1 that is 3 times better absorbed than regular vitamin B1 (thiamine). It reduces the age-accelerating effects (glycation) caused by sugar. It protects the blood-vessels, heart, kidneys and eyes, as well as helps to relieve nerve pain, such as lower back-pain and neuropathies (such as diabetic or fibromyalgic pain). Benfotiamine also enhances energy supply during exercise. Benfotiamine supplementation is important if you drink alcohol which causes a depletion of vitamin B1.CLA (Conjugated Linoleic Acid)

There are two forms (isomers) of CLA, the trans isomer and the cis isomer. Only the trans isomer is effective for fat burning. SOLAL’s CLA contains the highest levels of trans-CLA for effectiveness. CLA not only shrinks fat cells, but it promotes weight loss, breaks down fat, opposes fat storage & mobilises fatty reserves for energy. CLA is only effective for fat-burning and weight loss, if combined with at least 45 minutes of moderate exercise 3-4 times a week. CLA also enhances endurance exercise performance (e.g. in marathon runners) by sparing glycogen. It facilitates muscle repair and increases muscle strength.

L-CarnitineAn amino acid that energises the cell’s mitochondria and the brain. It also helps protect against cardiovascular and liver disease. Assists with cholesterol, muscle growth and weight management, especially if combined with exercise. Helps to prevent diabetes.Carnosine

An amino acid that fights age related damage, known as cross-linking/glycation, caused by refined carbohydrates. Protects and extends the functional life of the body’s key building blocks – cells, proteins, DNA, lipids. Also functions as an anti-oxidant. Helps prevent cataracts and rejuvenates collective tissue cells. Carnosine stands out as one of the most promising multimodal life extension discoveries of recent years and is a fundamental part of any life extension program. Helps reduce neurological degeneration and cellular senescence (cell aging).

Coenzyme Q- 10 (with piperine to enhance absorption)

The most important nutrient to supplement with from the age of 30, for heart and brain health. Co-Enzyme Q10 retards various aspects of the aging process (including the aging process within the brain). Very important for the cardiovascular system since a large proportion (approximately 62%) of cardiovascular disease patients are found to be deficient in Co-Enzyme Q10. If you are taking statin-containing cholesterol-lowering medicines, then it is very important to supplement with Co-Enzyme Q10, since statins deplete the body of Co-Enzyme Q10. Co-Enzyme Q10 helps keep cells alive by energising the mitochondria within them. Co-Enzyme Q10 also encourages the regression of many cancers.


GABAtropin is a superior form of GABA that effectively crosses the blood brain barrier, to provide a calming, anti-anxiety and stress-coping effect. GABAtropin also helps relieve the insomnia experienced by patients suffering from panic or anxiety. Preliminary research shows that GABAtropin may also help reduce cravings for alcohol. GABAtropin enters the brain tissue much better than conventional GABA for improved effectiveness. GABAtropin also reduces the toxic effects of excessive stress and may inhibit the elevation of glucocorticoids (such as cortisol) that occur during periods of excessive stress. Refer to Gabatropin label for further information and directions for use.


Ginkgo Biloba Extract is standardized to contain 24% flavones glycosides and 6% terpene lactones. Only the extract is able to achieve therapeutic effects, unlike Ginkgo leaf powder which is not concentrated enough. Useful for hearing and vision, depression, mental function, learning and memory. Assists against male impotence and increase sexual desire and performance in men and women, especially when combined with arginine. Ginkgo Biloba also has anti-anxiety effects. It may be useful for ADD/ADHD.

Hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata)The most cardio-protective herbal medicine known. It strengthens the heart muscle thereby reducing heart congestion (it is useful for congestive heart failure). Hawthorne also dilates coronary blood vessels thereby improving oxygen supply to the heart. It also has mild blood-pressure lowering effects. Hawthorne improves the health of the blood-vessels by decreasing the size of existing atherosclerotic plaques, improving the integrity of the collagen content of blood vessels and by lowering cholesterol levels.Indole-3-Carbinol (1-3-C)

The first and only product in South Africa that combines all natural medicines, from herbal and vegetable extracts, scientifically proven to provide protection from the risks that promote cancer-cell formation and growth. I3Complex™ supplies extracts in the concentrated forms and doses used in clinical trials which is safe and has additional non-cancer health benefits (such as anti-oxidant, heart and immune system health benefits). It is therefore excellent for healthy people to use as a preventative daily supplement to protect their health. At a low dose, I3Complex™ has a protective effect, reducing the risk of developing cancers. At a higher dose, it can be used as part of a treatment program. I3Complex™ contains optimal effective doses of these concentrated herbal and vegetable extracts. I3Complex™ can be used by all people over the age of 40 years, to reduce the risk of getting cancer. All people with a family history of breast cancer, high risk individuals and women on hormone replacement therapy should also be taking I3Complex™ as a cancer-preventative measure. I3Complex™ can also be used as part of a cancer treatment protocol. It can be combined with some cancer medication, but should not be used at the same time as chemo- or radiation therapy. I3Complex™ contains I3C (Indole-3-Carbinol), DIM (Di-Indole-Methane), Curcumin, Resveratrol, Quercetin, Piperine, Lycopene, EGCG, Co-enzyme Q10, Selenium, Folic acid, Mixed tocoperols (Vitamin E), Vitamin B6 and Vitamin B12.

Alpha Lipoic Acid

The universal anti-oxidant which retards the aging process, protects the brain, prevents age related memory loss/hearing loss/eye sight loss, arteriosclerosis, cancer and stimulates immune system. Of great assistance to diabetics. Opposes one of the causes of the aging process, known as glycation, caused by excessive sugar consumption.


Krill are tiny shrimp-like species, found in icy waters of the Antarctic. They are at the bottom of the food chain, and therefore do not accumulate heavy metals like fish do. They are therefore naturally free of heavy metals and other toxins. The omega 3’s found in Neptune Krill Oil are bound to phospholipids and not to triglyceride fats, like standard omega 3’s. This improves bioavailability, meaning lower doses can be used. Neptune Krill Oil is also an excellent source of phosphatidylcholine, essential for skin health, brain function and liver detoxification, as well as astaxanthin, a powerful anti-oxidant. Neptune Krill Oil contains the best EPA and DHA forms of omega 3’s. These are important for heart, brain and immune system health. They also boost mood and help prevent inflammatory disorders. Research shows that Neptune Krill Oil is superior to fish oil at maintaining healthy blood triglyceride and cholesterol levels, as well as preventing hormonal imbalances.
Melatonin /SR

Regulates the body clock and enhances sleep. Melatonin is an extremely potent and wide-ranging anti-oxidant protecting every cell in the body, including brain cells. Melatonin boosts the immune system and helps protects against cancer. Important for longevity. Also available in a topical liposomal gel form from The Compounding Pharmacy of South Africa.

Milk Thistle (Silymarin/ Silybum marianuum) Milk thistle is the most powerful liver protective herbal medicine known. It helps reduce and repair the damage to the liver that alcohol, a high fat diet and many prescription medicines can cause. Milk thistle also has powerful anti-oxidant effects and helps maintain healthy cholesterol and blood sugar levels. This makes it useful for type II diabetes and insulin resistance (metabolic syndrome). Preliminary evidence indicates that milk thistle also helps protect against kidney damage.MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane)A sulfur-containing amino acid found in various plants and some body tissues. It is a natural and efficient source of the sulfur that is used by many of the body’s structural molecules. The body’s content of MSM declines in tandem with the progression of the aging process. MSM is useful for inflammation and pain relief.

Pantethine-300 Pantethine, also known as co-enzyme B5, is a highly absorbable and biologically active form of pantothenic acid (vitamin B5). Pantethine is the precursor of co-enzyme A which is essential for carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. Co-enzyme A boosts energy levels and enhances physical performance, as it is a vital part of the Krebs energy cycle. Co-enzyme A is also required for the production of red blood cells, sex and adrenal (stress) hormones and brain chemicals (neurotransmitters). Pantethine is sometimes referred to as the anti-stress nutrient. Pantethine also helps support healthy blood fats and reduces cholesterol levels (it lowers LDL [bad cholesterol] and raises HDL [good cholesterol]). Pantethine improves HDL quality and reduces abdominal fat (visceral fat) by transporting fat to the cells of the body, to be used as energy. It is also important for healthy cardiovascular function through its anti-oxidant and anti-platelet aggregation activity. Research also shows that pantethine has liver detoxifying effects (by stimulating phase II liver detoxification metabolic pathways).Phosphatidyl choline (Lecithin)Phosphatidylcholine is a phospholipid, essential for healthy brain and liver function. It forms acetylcholine in the brain, which is responsible of memory. Phosphatidylcholine also helps protect the liver from the damaging effects of alcohol and helps prevent hangovers.


A “smart” supplement that improves mood, memory, stress resistance and concentration. Helps brain cells communicate. Enhances the health status of people who engage in intensive exercise. Useful for Alzheimer’s and dementia. Helps prevent the effects that stress puts on the brain, such as memory loss and nerve damage, by reducing cortisol. Elevates brain neurotransmitter dopamine, serotonin and dopamine.

Probiotics - Enzymes

Contains a blend of digestive enzymes, probiotic beneficial bacteria (Lactobacillus sporogenes) and soluble fibre. Promotes healthy digestion and intestinal function, enhances food digestion, nutrient absorption and reduces gastro-intestinal problems such as indigestion, flatulence, irritable bowel syndrome, cramps and diarrhoea. Also opposes the growth of pathogenic bacteria and yeasts (e.g. Candida), thereby helping to prevent leaky gut syndrome and associated immune system complaints, such as infections, allergies and inflammatory states.

ResveratrolResveratrol is present in grape skins, seeds, stalks, leaves and roots. Used for life extension purposes. May prevent/treat arteriosclerosis, blood clotting, cancer prevention, herpes simplex viruses, Alzheimer’s disease. Grape Seed Extract assists against aging process, life extension and cellular protection, arteriosclerosis, blood pressure, heart attack, varicose veins, blood clotting, venous insufficiency, blood vessels, eyes/vision, hair and immune system and enhances the use of Resveratrol in the body. May also benefit ADD/ADHD.

Beta-Sitosterol - Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens)A plant lipid, which helps lower cholesterol. SOLAL’s Beta-Sitosterol also acts as a 5-alpha reductase and aromatase inhibitor. Helps prevent enlarged prostate and reduces the risk of prostate and colon cancer. May help with male pattern baldness. Enhances immune function and has anti-inflammatory effects.

QUERCETINA potent anti-oxidant, assists against cataracts, inflammation, allergies and has anti-tumor activity against various forms of cancer. It has powerful anti-viral effects and lowers total serum cholesterol levels. Reduces the conversion of testosterone into estrogen in men by inhibiting aromatase enzymes. Assists against diabetic complications. Helps alleviate gout and rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, hay fever, sinusitis and prostatitis. Protects the body’s endogenous (DNA) by chelating (removing) ferric iron from the body. Quercetin recycles glutathione and thereby protects the liver. Helps to protect against cardiovascular diseases and prevent strokes.Vinpocetine

A smart-nutrient extracted from the Vinca minor plant. It has brain boosting and memory enhancing effects. Vinpocetine allows the brain to make better use of oxygen and energy, and it also improves brain circulation. The ability of the brain to withstand a lack of oxygen is also improved, and it is therefore useful in helping to reduce the damage caused by a stroke.
Some important Minerals and their functions if deficientCalcium - Osteoporosis (bone loss) is the primary disease associated with long-term calcium deficiency. It may be associated with bone pain and spinal deformity. Depleted levels can also cause muscle cramps, irregular heartbeat, and depression.

Magnesium - Magnesium deficiency affects calcium and vitamin D levels in the body and may be associated with muscle cramps, heart irregularities, insomnia, high blood pressure, diabetes, and osteoporosis (bone loss).Phosphorus – Component of teeth and bone, needed for energy production, helps regulate emzymes, is part of every cells structure, helps repair and develop body tissue and aids in lipid metabolism.

Potassium – Symptoms of potassium deficiency include loss of appetite, nausea, drowsiness, feelings of apprehension, excessive thirst, irrational behavior, fatigue, muscle pain and weakness (usually of the lower limbs); severe cases may lead to irregular heartbeat.

Boron – Increases the absorbtion of calcium, magnesium and phosphorous. Increases estrogen production in women, Aids vitamin D to increase mineral content of bone, prervents cancer , decreases inflammation and maintains memory.

Chromium - (POLYNICOTINATE): A safe, superior and highly absorbable form of chromium. It is useful for obesity, cholesterol and diabetes. Chromium polynicotinate regulates the body’s blood sugar and energy levels. Avoid chromium in the form of chromium picolinate, since this form increases the risk of cancer and is banned in some countries for this reason. Use Chromium Polynicotinate which is proven safe and does not elevate cancer-risk.

Copper - Signs and symptoms of long-term depletion of copper include anaemia, changes in the structure and appearance of hair, heart damage, growth retardation, impaired bone formation, osteoporosis (bone loss), and emphysema (lung disease).

Iodine - Needed for the development of the thyroid gland functioning, maintains healthy breast tissue in women, fights bacteria, helps with energy production, nerve function, hair and skin growth, relieves pain and soreness associated with fibrocystic breast disease

Iron - Depleted levels of iron may lead to anaemia and weakened immune function. In the event of anemia, symptoms include dizziness, fatigue, shortness of breath, pale skin color, and possibly irregular heartbeat.

Manganese - Essential for the utilization of vitamin B and C used in adrenal health. Needed for the synthesis of cartilage, collagen, and other connective tissue. Bone and growth maintenance, helps carbohydrate metabolism, protein digestion and synthesis, co-factor in energy production.

Molybdenum - Co-enzyme in uric acid formation, electron transport in oxidation reduction reactions, coenzyme in alcohol detoxification .

Selenium - Selenium deficiency may be associated with muscular, digestive, and heart disorders; long-term deficiency may be associated with increased risk of developing certain chronic illnesses such as cancer, diabetes, or liver disease.

Vanadium – Improves insulin sensitivity

Zinc - Signs and symptoms of zinc deficiency include loss of appetite or sense of taste, impaired immunity, growth retardation, skin changes, reduced hormonal production, decreased sex drive and increased susceptibility to infection.
Amino AcidsAlanine – requires B6 for metabolism, is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain, is needed to metabolize tryptophan.

Arginine – Increases immune cells by increasing natural killer cell activity, inhibits plaque accumulation in the arteries, increases circulation, increases growth hormone, builds muscle, enhances fat metabolism, increases sperm count, enhances the immune system, needed for protein production , vital for the secretion of glucagons and insulin, important for gut health, elps heal woundsand decreases platelet stickiness.Glutamine - An amino acid that protects the liver and immune system. Also useful for digestive complaints including irritable bowel syndrome. Assists with allergies and infections, if caused by leaky gut syndrome. Glutamine may counteract the damage to the gastric mucosa of the stomach caused by Helicobacter pylori. Glutamine may improve the effectiveness of chemotherapy and radiation therapy and repair damage resulting from chemotherapy. Reduces the craving for carbohydrates and lowers elevated blood sugar. Important for treatment of aggressiveness, and may assist with alertness (ADHD), autism, concentration, mood, intelligence, learning, memory, pain, stroke, male impotence, skin health and surgery. Boosts growth hormones levels.

- An amino acid useful for cold-sore and herpes infections. Protects against cross-linking (glycosylation) - this is one of the underlying manifestations of the aging process. Vegetarian diets are often deficient in Lysine. May be useful for angina, arteriosclerosis, kidney stones, hair loss, male pattern baldness, bone and muscle growth, osteoporosis, anxiety, skin and reducing lipoprotein (a), a heart toxin.

Phenylalanine - A precursor of the neurotransmitter, nor-adrenaline. It is therefore useful in the treatment of mild to moderate depression, especially when combined with 5-HTP. L-Phenylalanine may be useful in the management of ADD/ADHD and vitiligo. Not to be taken by people suffering from phenylketonuria.

Taurine - Important for heart health. Helps to prevent and reverse age-related macular degeneration and cataracts, and is essential for optimal sight. Lowers total cholesterol levels. Taurine may be useful for preventing anxiety.

Theanine (L-Theanine) - An amino acid which is useful for the treatment of anxiety (due to its ability to sedate the central nervous system and generate ‘relaxing’ Alpha waves in the brain). Theanine improves learning ability (this effect is related to its ability to minimize anxiety that interferes with learning ability). Theanine improves the quality of sleep and enhances the function of some neurotransmitters (brain chemicals), namely dopamine and Gamma Aminobutyric Acid (GABA).

Tryptophan - An amino acid precursor of serotonin, melatonin and 5-HTP. Tryptophan is useful for alleviating insomnia, depression and anxiety. It also reduces cravings for carbohydrates. Alleviates headaches and inflammation, and increases the body’s threshold to pain.

5-HTP (5-hydroxytryptophan) - “Hawaii in a bottle”. A direct precursor for the neurotransmitter serotonin (the “feel good” hormone). 5-HTP has profound mood-lifting and anti-depressant effects (but without the side effects). Promotes healthy sleep and wake patterns and emotional stability. Assists with migraines, reduces appetite, and alleviates anxiety.

Tyrosine - Improves thyroid function and boosts dopamine levels thereby alleviating depression, improving mood and increasing sexual desire. Tyrosine also helps reduce appetite, improves energy levels and prevents fatigue/tiredness. May help alleviate pain and enhances the function of the pituitary gland. Tyrosine may be useful for managing ADD/ADHD. May also be used to alleviate withdrawal symptoms of some drugs.

Share this page on facebook